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乐虎国际app下载:2019考研英语:十类常见英语句型分析

  摘要:考研英语复习的初级阶段,除了对于单词坚持不懈的背诵,句型学习也是英语学习中不可或缺的一部分,掌握了句型的应用方法,无论是翻译还是阅读都会有一个很大的提升。

       1. "something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of" "something of"相当于"to some extent",表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为"anything of ",可译为"有点","略微等。""译为毫无","全无"。"much of"译为"大有","not much of"可译为"算不上","称不上","little of"可译为"几乎无"。something like译为"有点像,略似。"

  2. 同格名词修饰是指of前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,"of"以及它前面的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰"of"后面的那个名词。

  Her devil of father blamed her so much. 她那魔鬼般的父亲狠狠地责骂她。

  3."many as well…as"和"might as well …as" "many as well…as"可译为"与其……,不如……,更好","以这样做……为宜","如同……,也可以……"等等。"might as well …as"表示不可能的事,可译为"犹如……","可与……一样荒唐","与其那样不如这样的好"等等。

  One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.了解一事,与其一知半解,倒不如完全不知。

  4. “too…+不定式",not(never)too…+不定式","too…not+不定式

  5. only(not, all, but, never) too …to do so "和"too ready (apt) + to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义,凡是"not","all""but等字后+"too…to,"不定式都失去了否定意义,在"too ready(apt) +to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义。

  You know but too yell to hold your tongue.你不说话,没人把你当哑巴!

  6. "not so much…as"和"not so much as …"结构,"not so much…as"="not so much as …",其中as有进可换用but rather,可译为:"与其说是……毋须说是……"。而"not so much as"="without(not)even,"可译为"甚至……还没有"。

  7. "Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"结构,"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so …as"都具有最高级比较的意思,"Nothing I"可换用"no","nobody","nowhere","little","few","hardly","scarcely"等等,可译为"没有……比……更为","像……再没有了","最……"等。

  8. "cannot…too…"结构,"cannot…too…"意为"It is impossible to overdo…"或者,即"无论怎样……也不算过分"。"not"可换用"hardly","scarcely"等,"too"可换用"enough","sufficient"等

  You cannot be too careful.你要小心小心再小心。

  9. "否定+but "结构,在否定词后面的"but",具有"which not","who not","that not",等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成"没有……不是"或"……都……"等

  10. "否定+until (till)"结构,在否定词"no","not","never","little","few","seldom"等的后边所接用的"until/till",多数情况下译为"直到……才……","要……才……",把否定译为肯定。

  以上就是这次为大家带来的内容了,大家感觉怎么样呢?是不是看得眼花缭乱呢?这些句型虽然看起来复杂,但只要慢慢地结合例句去读懂它们,就能慢慢熟练掌握的。

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